(1) Images and Enterprise: Technology and the American Photographic Industry 1839 to 1925, by Reese V. Jenkins, published by the Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London, (1975), page 10. Return To Text
(2) The History of PHOTOGRAPHY from the camera obscura to the beginning of the modern era, by Helmut Gernsheim in collaboration with Alison Gernsheim, Revised and Enlarged Edition, published by Thames and Hudson, London, (1969), page 160.
(3) Gernsheim & Gernsheim, The History Of Photography , page 234, (ibid).
(4) THE PERSONAL EXPERIENCES OF WILLIAM H. MUMLER IN SPIRIT-PHOTOGRAPHY. WRITTEN BY HIMSELF, published by Colby and Rich, Boston, (1875), page 4.
(5) The Mumler “Spirit” Photograph Case. ARGUMENT, Mr. ELBRIDGE T. GERRY OF COUNSEL FOR THE PEOPLE, BEFORE JUSTICE DOWLING, ON THE PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION OF WM. H. MUMLER, CHARGED WITH OBTAINING MONEY BY PRETENDED “SPIRIT” PHOTOGRAPHS, MAY 3d, [sic] 1869, REPORTED BY ANDREW DEVINE, published by Baker, Voorhis & Co., Law Publishers, New York, (1869), page 11.
(6) As far as the current writer has been able to ascertain.
(7) Sex offenders, particularly child murderers, still have a rough time. Attacks on them are exclusively by other inmates; the nearest any member of staff would nowadays come to the ill-treatment of a nonce would be turning a blind eye to a beating by other inmates.
(8) A Modern Legal History of England and Wales 1750-1950, by A.H. Manchester, published by Butterworths, London, (1980), page 252.
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